Activating Marijuana Through Decarboxylation
Cannabis must be decaroxylated (activated) if you’re making cannabutter or an infused oil, tinctures, etc.
While THC-A and CBD-A have some healing effects, they’re overshadowed by THC and CBD.
The former aren’t bioactive, the latter are.
To decarb cannabis, place dry material in a pre-heated oven in a covered a Pyrex container.
Expect a 10% weight loss when you decarb (30 grams becomes 27 grams).
For the maximum conversionn of THC-A to THC, heat the cannabis at 245° F for 45-60 minutes.
For maximum CBD conversion heat it at 245° F for 60-90 minutes.
When properly decarboxylated, the cannabis will be darker, dry, and it will crumble easily.
Some suggest decarbing longer to maximize CBD levels.
As long as 2-4 hours. Ideally, one would do two tests: one would measure time (15 minutes – 4 hours) and the other temperature (240° – 340°).
Testing decarb times and temperatures like this is akin to test strips used by photographers in the darkroom.
Decarbing smells. Be forewarned and plan ahead. If your oven has a delayed start function you can decarb at night.
Because decarboxylating evaporates some of the terpenes, terpenoids, and other aromatics,
Sometimes you can add 50% as much raw cannabis as decarbed to final mix.
It’s much like finishing hops when making beer.
You can strive for what we call a cannabinoid cocktail, a.k.a. the Entourage Effect, a deliberately whole plant extraction process.
The trade-off is additional THC-A and CBD-A but the upside is more terpenes.
This oil is typically purchased by people who are looking to get a CBD oil with all the other compounds that exist in hemp as well as CBD. We commonly see people buying this oil who suffer from anxiety issues, insomnia and other mild to moderate issues. to Raw CBD oil is exactly what it sounds like “raw”. Raw CBD oil will not be processed any further than its original extraction and will contain other compounds in it such as small plant material (microscopic small) , lipids (fats) chlorophyll, and terpenes among other things as it has not been filtered.
The color of this oil will usually be dark green to black and have a thick consistency. Raw will usually be the product of choice for people looking to benefit from the use of the entire hemp plant and not necessarily just cannabidiol. Raw CBD oil still has the ability to have multiple percentages of CBD
Raw or unfiltered non-decarboxylated versions of CBD oil will always be the cheapest option as it has not been processed any further than the original extraction. Raw CBD oil typically contains a lower percentage of CBD (cannabidiol) by volume than the Decarboxylated.
This oil is commonly bought by people who are making their own CBD edibles and have moderate anxiety problems as well as insomnia, arthritis and migraines. Decarboxylated is similar to “raw” except it has been “decarboxylated” The process of decarboxylation is seen as a way to up the strength or effectiveness of the CBD in the CBD oil and offers a faster reaction time for the CBD oil once its in your body. According to Wikipedia:
“Decarboxylation is a chemical reaction that removes a carboxyl group and releases carbon dioxide (CO2). Usually, decarboxylation refers to a reaction of carboxylic acids, removing a carbon atom from a carbon chain.” Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decarboxylation
You can think of decarboxylated CBD oil as getting more bang per mg of CBD. Basically decarboxylation will turn CBDA into CBD which is a non acid molecule that will better fit your CBD receptors and be more “active” within your body. Decarboxylation is commonly referred to as “activated” which can leave the impression that CBD that has not been decarboxylated will not have benefits because it is not “active”, but this is not the case, it will just simply be received less easily by your body than decarboxylated CBD The decarboxylated form of CBD oil will typically be dark green to black with a thick consistency at room temperature.